Cataract

  • What is a Cataract?

    Cataract is a clouding of the normally clear lens of the eye.

    The amount & pattern of cloudiness within the lens may vary. If cloudiness is in the centre of the lens vision is affected more & if the cloudiness is in periphery of lens, you may not aware that a cataract is present.

    What are the Common Symptoms?

    • Painless blurring of vision
    • Glare or light sensitivity
    • Poor night vision
    • Needing bright light to read
    • Fading or yellowing of Colours

  • What causes Cataract?
  • Most common type of cataract is related to aging of the eye.

    Other causes of cataract include

    • Listing of trauma (injury to the eye )
    • Medical problem such as diabetes
    • Medication, especially steroids
    • Unprotected expose to Sunlight
    • Previous eye surgery

  • How fast does a cataract develop?
  • It varies among individual and may even be different between two eyes. Most age related cataracts progress gradually over a period of year. Cataracts in patients with diabetes younger people may progress rapidly over a short time.

  • How is the Cataract detected?
    A thorough eye examination by ophthalmologist (eye surgeon) can detect the presence of a cataract It will also rule out any other condition causing blurred vision or other eye problems and problem with other part of eye (such as the cornea, retina or optic nerve) that can affect visual improvement after cataract surgery. After a thorough eye examination ophthalmologist can tell you how much visual improvement is likely after surgery.

  • How is the Cataract treated?
    Surgery is the only way a cataract can be removed. However if symptom of cataract are not bothering you very much, surgery may not be needed. No medication ,dietary supplement or exercise have been shown to prevent or cure cataracts Protection from excessive sunlight may helps to slow the progression of cataracts.

  • When should surgery be done?
    Surgery should be considered when cataracts cause enough dimness of vision to interfere with your daily activities. It is not true that cataract need to be ‘ripe' before it can be removed. You must decide if you can see well enough to do your job, drive safely and read or watch T V in comfort. Does your vision allow you to perform daily tasks like cooking, shopping, taking medication without difficulty? Based on the symptoms you & your ophthalmologist should decide together when surgery is appropriate.

  • What can I expect from cataract Surgery?
    Cataract surgery is usually done under topical / local anesthesia as out patient procedure. During surgery cloudy lens is removed & it is replaced by a permanent intra ocular lens implant. After surgery you will have to take eye drops as directed by your ophthalmologist. After cataract surgery 95% of cases notice improvement in vision unless there is problem with other parts of eye. It is important to understand that complication can occur during or after the surgery, some severe enough to limit vision. If you experience slightest problem after surgery, contact your doctor immediately In many people who have cataract surgery the natural capsule that support the Intra Ocular lens become cloudy. It can be cleaned by laser procedure to restore vision.

Post Operative Instructions

YOU CAN DO THE FOLLOWING :
  • Take your normal diet or as permitted if you have diabetes or hypertension.
  • Take bath everyday , you can wash your hair avoiding the entry of water in the operated eye first week after operation.
  • Watch T.V. , read and write.
  • Climb or get down steps.
  • Take your medications like anti hypertensive or anti diabetic drugs according to your physician’s advice.
  • Wear your old glasses or wear dark glasses during daytime and wear the green plastic shield while sleeping ( day or night ) for 4 weeks.
KEEP A NOTE OF THE FOLLOWING :
  • Do not sleep on the side of your operated eye for two weeks.
  • Avoid lifting heavy weights.
  • Be careful with small children as they may hurt your eye unknowingly.
  • Do not drive car , two wheeler for three weeks.
  • Do not discontinue the medicines prescribed by us without our knowledge.
  • Avoid doing Namaz for one week.
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS:
  • The person who is cleaning the eye or putting the eye drops should wash hands thoroughly with soap and water before putting the eye drops.
  • While putting the eye drops , pull the lower eyelid gently and instill one drop of prescribed medicine in the eye.
  • Replace the cap of the dropper immediately after use . do not let the dropper tip touch any surface.
  • Avoid putting the pressure on the eye.
  • Avoid putting the eye drops yourself and if you are not sure , ask your attendant to do it for you.
  • Clean the eye twice daily with sterilized cotton , if necessary.
  • Sterilize the cotton by boiling in water for 15 minutes and use when it is luke warm.
  • Squeeze the water , ask the patient to close the eye , wipe gently from the corner outwards along the lashes . change the cotton swab after use.
IF YOU EXPERIENCE ANY OF THE FOLLOWING SYMPTOMS , WHICH LAST MORE THAN 24 HOURS , NOTIFY OUR CLINIC OR AN OPHTHALMOLOGIST IMMEDIATELY . IT IS IMPORTANT THAT YOU BE AWARE OF THESE SYMPTOMS.
  • ANY SUDDEN CHANGE IN VISION OR IN BLURRING OF VISION.
  • INCREASE IN SENSITIVITY TO LIGHT , INCREASE IN REDNESS.
  • A WHITE OR CLOUDY CORNEA OR PUPIL .
  • PERSISTENT DISCOMFORT OR PAIN . IF THE PAIN IS EXTREMELY SEVERE , DO NOT WAIT FOR 24 HOURS.

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